Thursday, February 5, 2015

Tree Of Death...!

Most all of us like having trees around. We like the shade and, in some cases, like the fruit the trees provide.

That being said, this is one tree you should avoid at all cost. It has a very nasty reputation and for good reason!

The Tree So Deadly It Was Used As A Torture Instrument
By Debra Kelly on Friday, January 24, 2014

The manchineel tree is one of the deadliest plants in the world. Even coming into contact with the bark or leaves will leave a person suffering from severe burns, and eating any of its sweet-smelling fruits is a potentially lethal choice. The tree has long been used for supplying sap for poison darts, and as a place to tie—and torture—Spanish conquistadors.

The manchineel tree is named after the Spanish word for “little apple,” which is manzanilla. That’s appropriate enough, as the tree sports green fruits that look like small apples. But it had another, even more appropriate name—the Spanish call it the arbol de la muerta, or “tree of death.” The tree’s genus, Hippomane, was assigned to its line after noting that horses were driven mad after eating it.

It looks unassuming enough, often little more than a shrubby bush, but sometimes growing into a tree that’s around 15 meters (50 ft) tall. It’s found mainly in the Southeastern United States, the Caribbean, and Central America. Its bark is gray-brown, and its leaves are a bright and shiny green. The fruits of the tree are sweet-smelling and attractive.

Every part of the tree is poisonous, and just coming in contact with the tree can be potentially lethal. The leaves and bark contain a poison that will irritate the skin and cause severe blisters. The milk-white sap that leaks from wounds in the tree will also cause severe blistering. If sap touches a person’s mucous membranes, it can cause severe burns.

The fruit makes the tree even more deadly. The fruits look like small green apples, only an inch or two in diameter. The fruits are very sweet-smelling, and those who are brave—or foolhardy—enough to eat them say that they even taste good. But eating just a small amount will leave blisters and burns on your mouth and throat. In addition, the raw, soft tissues of your digestive tract will begin to swell and blister after eating just the smallest bite of the fruit. Larger amounts are deadly.

As if that isn’t enough, the tree can also cause serious damage if you so much as stand under it. If it’s raining, water falling off the leaves will carry toxins and burn the skin of anyone it touches. In fact, there are accounts of 16th-century Florida natives pressing invading Spanish conquistadors to stand beneath the trees during the rain to burn and even blind them.

Many indigenous peoples have used the poisonous, deadly tree to their advantage. The sap of the manchineel tree was often used for poisoning arrows and darts, which in turn were used to control captives. Tying people to the tree and leaving them with any exposed skin would result in excruciating pain and burns.

Removing the tree from populated areas proves problematic. Cutting the tree releases the squirting, spraying sap, and burning the tree turns the toxins into a vaporous form that’s carried in the smoke. Even contact with the smoke can leave burns on the skin and can sometimes result in blindness.

Strangely, the wood of the tree has been highly prized in the making of colonial furniture. Once the wood has been left to dry in the sun, its poisonous qualities largely disappear. Drying the fruits has a similar effect, and these dried fruits have been known to be used as a diuretic. In Jamaica, manchineel tree gum has been long used to treat various venereal diseases. There’s also an iguana native to Central America that is completely immune to the poisonous qualities of the tree, and often lives among its branches.

I think the message here is fairly clear. If you see one of these trees around, avoid it. Certainly don't even think about picking and eating any of the fruit! I don't think it would make a very good pie, do you?

Coffee on the patio this morning. Fresh baked cookies are close by!


Frankie Haphne said...

Yeah!!! Nice article anyway..... Must see this also warwick associates scam

Mamahen said...

Wow....that's one nasty tree !!!

Chickenmom said...

Wonder how they harvest the tree for wood? Patio and cookies sound wonderful! Was snowing here...again.

linda m said...

Sounds like an episode of Star Trek that I watched once. All the plants on a planet were poisonous. The patio and cookies sound good to me - 0 degrees here this AM

JO said...

Nasty stuff there. Like Chickenmom said wonder how the wood was harvested did they sacrifice so,me poor soul to the task.

Patoi sounds great and always the cookies

Rob said...

Wow! That's a dangerous plant!!

HermitJim said...

Hey Frankie...
Glad you liked it!

Thanks for coming over!

Hey Mamahen...
Wouldn't want an orchard of them around.

Thanks for stopping by today!

Hey Phyllis...
I'm not sure I really want to know.

Thanks for stopping by today!

Hey Linda M...
I remember that episode. Pretty good one!

Thanks for coming by today!

Hey Jo...
Wouldn't want to be a lumberjack in their tribe!

Thanks for coming by today!

Hey Rob...
Sure does sound like it, doesn't it?

Thanks for the visit today!

Anonymous said...

I've never heard of this one before! You do have a couple of really nasty trees on Your side of the ocen that we thankfully don't have. I think I'll stop complaing when being stung of stinging nettles after reading this :-) :-)

Have a great day!

Dizzy-Dick said...

Dang, that looks like something I have seen growing on my place. I will have to check it out.