Thursday, June 9, 2011
History From The Springfield Armory...!
Very few manufacturers have the history with firearms as does the Springfield armory!
Some of the most dependable and well established guns here in the United States came from the Springfield Armory. All kinds of weapons, most all with an excellent reputation for reliability, got their start at the armory!
The Springfield was any of several rifles that were standard infantry weapons of the U.S. Army most of the time from 1873 to 1936, all taking their name from the Springfield Armory, established at Springfield, Mass., by the U.S. Congress in 1794. The armory had produced smooth bore muskets from its earliest days, and between 1858 and 1865 it turned out more than 840,000 .58-calibre rifled muskets. In 1866, it began adapting the muzzle-loading rifles to breech-loading, single-shot rifles by making a “trapdoor” for the breech with latch, firing pin, and extractor for the cartridge case.
From 1873 to 1892 the armory turned out breech-loading, single-shot Springfield .45-70s (.45 calibre with 70 grains of black powder). Between 1892 and 1903 the U.S. Army used a Norwegian-designed Krag-Jørgensen bolt-action repeating rifle, but in the meantime the Springfield gunsmiths were studying the German Mauser, a five-shot bolt-action repeating rifle. The United States adapted the Mauser into the Model 1903 Springfield, a rifle that, after some modifications to accommodate Model 1906 ammunition, entered history as the Springfield .30-06, one of the most reliable and accurate military firearms in history. The Springfield served as the principal U.S. infantry weapon until 1936, when it was replaced by the Garand (M1) rifle of World War II—also designed at the Springfield Armory. When the Springfield .30-06 was retired, it was widely modified into a sporting rifle that is still prized for its accuracy.
Many formidable and dependable weapons came from the armory until it's closing in 1968, when with a controversial personal and political decision, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara closed the Springfield Armory. This marked the end of a very productive history!
Let's get some fresh coffee and sit outside on the patio this morning, OK?