Monday, August 27, 2012

I Love The Monday Mysteries...!

There has always been something about a good mystery that fascinates me!

When I can find those mysteries that even the experts can't solve, that's even better! This is one of those truly remarkable ones.

Vitrified Forts

In 1777, a man named John Williams, who was one of the earliest British geologists, described the phenomenon of vitrified forts. Vitrified forts are the name given to a type of crude stone enclosure or wall that shows signs of being subjected to intense heat. The structures have baffled geologists for centuries because people can’t figure out how the rocks were fused together. There is currently no accepted method for the vitrification of large scale objects. “The temperatures required to vitrify the entire fort structures are equal to those found in an atomic bomb detonation.” Hundreds of vitrified fort structures have been found across Europe and 80 such examples exist in Scotland. Some of the most remarkable include Dun Mac Sniachan, Benderloch, Ord Hill, Dun Creich, Castle Point, and Barra Hill.

The forts range in age from the Neolithic to Roman period. The structures are extremely broad and present the appearance of large embankments. The process used to develop the walls is thought to have involved extreme heat and many structures show signs of fire damage. However, vitrification is usually achieved by rapidly cooling a substance. It occurs when bonding between elementary particles becomes higher than a certain threshold. Thermal fluctuations break the bonds, therefore, the lower the temperature, the higher the degree of connectivity. The process of vitrification made headlines in 2012 when scientists used it to preserve organs and tissues at very low temperatures.

Many historians have argued that vitrified forts were subjected to carefully maintained fires to ensure they were hot enough to turn the rock to glass. In order to do this, the temperatures would have been maintained between 1050 and 1235°C, which would have been extremely difficult to do. It is also uncertain why people would have exposed the structures to such intense heat because when rock is superheated, the solid becomes significantly weaker and brittle. Some scientists have theorized that the vitrified forts were created by massive plasma events (solar flares). A plasma event occurs when ionized gas in the atmosphere takes the form of gigantic electrical outbursts, which can melt and vitrify rocks. During solar storms, the Sun is known to occasionally throw off massive spurts of plasma. As of 2012, vitrified forts remain one of the strangest anomalies on Earth.

I've seen the walls of stone cottages in Scotland that are surfaced with glass (vitrified) but never anything as large as the walls of a fortress! Pretty amazing stuff, if you ask me! It does certainly qualify as a mystery!

Coffee in the kitchen this morning. How about some brownies to go along with it?


covnitkepr1 said...

Only have time for 1 cup(black of course) and perhaps a brownie or two.
The picture is awesome.
Just checking back for any new posts you may have written.
I’ve been a follower on your blog for a while now and would like to invite you to visit and perhaps follow me back. Sorry I took so long for the invitation.

Momlady said...

It's the aliens I tell you!!

linda m said...

I agree - it's the aliens. They are the only ones with the technology. Coffee and brownies sounds good this morning.

Dizzy-Dick said...

Was there any record of a lot of people killed off at that time? I can think of a few things that Mother Nature and the cosmos could do to cause that, but it would have been hard on the people who lived there, too.

JOJO said...

Very interesting post. They had their slaves keep the fires going, they sacrificed them all the time. Of course that sure would have taken quite a few slaves.

I think I better have a refill and some brownies, my thinking is sick.

Bob from Athens said...

Sorry, I didn't realize my engine exhaust created such problems. Next time I come to visit your world I will install a deflector on the exhaust.

Just wondering today...Why would someone travel thousands of light years and just leave patterns in the crops ? Couldn't they do that on their own planet ?

Anonymous said...

I do like then idea with aliens so I'll stick to that until someone else proofs me wrong :-)

Have a great day!

Spud said...

All that remain after our last Atomic War...